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Livelihood Empowerment Project towards poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihood of the poor

Women are empowered through non formal education and health care awareness for the specific mission of alleviating poverty among the vulnerable poor at slums and rural areas.

Formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs) for women and SHG Training

The vulnerable poor, women from weaker sections of the community, Women Living the HIV/AIDS (PLHAs) at Madurai slums and rural areas are integrated and grouped into SHGs for instilling and improving mutual help, co-ordination and self sustenance.  

SHG Training

4 trainings for 2 days each are imparted among women in SHGs on thrift management, group savings and lending for nominal interest, and are trained to open Saving Bank Account, to maintain saving and to avail bank credit.  They are taught to gain confidence, hope and self sustenance with mutual interest.   And stigma on thinking themselves inferior is erased from their mind set.

Animators & Representative (A & R) Training

Interested women members are selected and trained to be Animators & Representatives for sustainable functioning of SHGs, under 3 trainings for 2 days each. They are taught to lobby the government personnel to access needed basic amenities under Government Plans and Schemes.

Savings Bank Accounts are opened under their names and savings of SHGs are deposited. They meet the Bank managers, under guidance of MNEC staff, and on proving the needed rating, the SHGs became eligible for availing micro credit for investing in self employment activities.  The leaders conduct SHG meetings monthly; maintain the Day books - savings and group loan received by members.

Entrepreneurship & Vocational Development Program (EDP & VTP) for Income Generation by Self Employment.

The women members, who earn their lively-hood by traditional petty business find it difficult to improve their income, are trained for 7 days on the canons of adapting to entrepreneurship, qualities of entrepreneurship, different sources of enterprises, developing knowledge on Market and Marketing in course of improving their small business ventures. 

The trained could now make consumer goods at their own dwelling places viz., washing powder, cleaning powder, phenol, washing blue, pickles, napkin etc. They could improve their small business, investment and monthly income.

SHG Women members are trained to make different products of their own at home, individually or jointly. MNEC imparts training for 21 days for generating income by making a few products that are needed for common people.

Following are the small enterprises in which the women SHG members are trained.

S. No Name of the Enterprise S. No Name of the Enterprise
1 Beautician Enterprise 14 Readymade Garments
2 Candle Making 15 Washing and Cleaning Powder
3 Ink Making 16 Pappads and Pickles (Food Materials)
4 Rearing Rabbits 17 Binding Books and Note Books
5 Footwear Production 18 Screen Printing
6 Sanitary Napkin 19 Handicraft
7 Event Management–Catering
Fast Food
20 Crafts made out of Palm Tree
8 Toys Making 21 Hand-Gloves
9 Earthworm Manure 22 Dairy Farming
10 Clay Doll Making 23 File Cover
11 Masala Powder and Cool Drinks 24 Mushroom Cultivation
12 Cell Phone Service 25 Computer Course
13 Computer Incense Stick    

Conducting Medical Camps

MNEC mobilizes the target poor at their respective slums to undergo medical check ups that never have opportunities of attending to “Free Medical Camps” and to consult physician on the spot. The doctors prescribe medicines and vitamin tablets, tonics and medicines are also provided to the participants.  Poor with chronic ailment are guided to undergo intensive treatment at Government Hospitals.




Reproductive Mother and Child Care Camps

MNEC field coordinators of medical wing guide the pregnant women at slums on maintaining pre-natal, post-natal care and improving personal health.  Benefits of mother feeding are highlighted and encouraged. The poor women are taught to prepare nutritious food at lower cost. The mothers are stressed to administer polio drops periodically for their small children and also given extensive knowledge on birth control and adapting to contraceptive measures.  Women are also taught on the need of maintaining personal hygiene and adding nutritious food content avoiding wayside food.   Boiled Milk and Eggs are given to small children at camps.

Orientation Camps on STI / HIV / AIDs Prevention and Control

HIV/AIDS Awareness camps among the poor women are conducted at slums and the prevailing myths and misconceptions on the infection are wiped out by distributing IEC materials. Abstinence from multi sexual activities, Be Faithful to the spouses and Condom usage (ABC Approach) is primarily infused among the women. The suspected and infected are given pre-test and post-test counseling. Peer Educators are also developed among slum women for propagating awareness sustainably.

A sense of providing Care and Support to the People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs) is created.  Referrals for needed persons are guided to Voluntary Counseling and Testing Centre (VCTC) and Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission Centre (PPTC).

Capacity  Building  Training  and  Developing  Personality  for   SHGs  Women Leaders


The poor women at slums and villages, who are found to have skills, are identified and trained to improve their personality and capacity. They are taught the manner of behaviour with husband and children. Sports and games are conducted in the training to encourage their capacities. The social issues in their dwelling areas are sort out and people are made to interact with Resource Persons.

Following sessions are also conducted.

  • Socio – Economic and political analysis
  • Slum problems – Health, water sanitation and hygiene and the possibilities of accessing basic amenities.
  • Legal remedies related to safe guard the rights of  life of slum poor 
  • Leadership qualities
  • Suggestions on vacating orders on Land Eviction and filing Writ Petitions
  • Possible problems of young girls, school going children, child labour and women working at unorganized sector and resolving the same.
  • Accessing Government social security schemes pertaining to the poor.

Awareness & Guidance for the Adolescent Boys & Girls

MNEC rules in its attention on Adolescent Girls and schedules various social seminars, awareness meetings for  promoting awareness on the need of compulsory education for female children, the imperative of maintaining gender equality betwixt men and women  in the families; abolishing the anvil of  compulsion on women to work, defending early marriage of young girls – before the age of 18, the sexual harassment and sex abuse against young girls and women and shielding female children from being trafficked in particular. They are also guided on maintaining personal hygiene and nutrition. The young girls are given each ‘sanitary napkin’ and advised on the advantages of using napkins. Exclusive counseling is provided to them to redress physical and mental stress.

Sustainable Community Health Care by trained slum women as Community Health Workers.

Selected slum women have been trained to be Community Health Workers for providing health care guidance and doing the necessary support work among slum neighbors for maintaining and improving their health. They are provided with First Aid Kit.





Training for Youth Development by Tamil Nadu Voluntary Health Association (TNVHA) / IRISH Project-2007

TNVHA and MNEC arranged a prudent training program for youth leaders of 62 girls and 55 boys in the community, between the age of 15 and 25 years, on promoting Reproductive Health and Rights by Gender Sensitization, to orient more knowledge and attention on their role of social sex and sexuality, general health care and on Reproductive Care Health (RCH), aiming at improving a healthy physique for the youth who could work hard and earn their daily bread. Having enthused by the way they are trained, now the trained have been in the process of meeting other youths, disseminating the facts and guiding them on the welfare of their future.

Beneficiaries of Livelihood Empowerment

Accessed Basic Amenities / Permanent Dwelling Houses / Free Land Deed

  • Slum Women own free land for housing
  • Houses allotted for the slum poor under Multi-stored Housing Schemes, Permanent Housing
  • Drinking water, street light, cement road  and toilet facilities accessed 
  • Monitory assistance through Govt. social security plans and schemes accessed viz. Old age pension, widow pension and monitory assistance for the destitute, for families with two female children for their marriage. 
  • Unorganized sector workers get monitory assistance and insurance benefits under different schemes.